Ammonium bicarbonate at room temperature is a white powder and crystalline powder with a low ammonia odor. It is dissolved in water and forms a relatively alkaline solution. Ammonium bicarbonate is insoluble in acetone and alcohols.
Uses and Applications of Ammonium Bicarbonate: It has two industrial and edible grades, and it is used in various industries to enhance the quality of the final product as an additive. One of its applications as a fermentation agent and brining in the production of bread, biscuit And sweets. In these products, ammonium bicarbonate is decomposed into raw materials, ie, carbon dioxide and ammonia gas, at temperatures in the range of approximately 36 to 60 ° C, and then they are removed from the product. In fact, it does not leave any solid residues. Another use of this compound is as a detergent and detergent for heat exchanger tubes and boilers. In this way, ammonium bicarbonate reacts with calcium deposits and solves it. Ammonium bicarbonate alone is sufficient if the sediment layer is thin, otherwise its dilution with dilute chloridic acid yields a favorable result. Today, ammonium bicarbonate is widely used in the plastics and rubber industry, ceramics, leather tanning and as a material Initial in the synthesis of catalysts. It is also used to grease the textiles, to make sponge rubber and to prepare vegetable fertilizers.